Montessori Education is a method and a philosophy based on years of observation and work with children by Dr Maria Montessori, Italian doctor and educator. The Montessori approach begins with the acknowledged potential of each child and provides for physical, cognitive and spiritual development through a specially prepared environment. The “prepared environment” creates a certain order and allows children to learn at their own pace in a non-competitive environment. Self motivation is the only way that true learning is achieved. The teacher prepared the environment, directs the activity and offers the child stimulation, but it is the child who learns, who is motivated to persist in a given task. Once success has been achieved with an activity there is ofter motivation to repeat the same activity. Thus the development of concentration, self-discipline, self-esteem and independence begins.
Children learn to work independently but always within the context of a wider community, with differing ages and abilities. The younger child is exposed to the exciting work of the older child and the older child has a chance to reinforce knowledge through helping the younger child. Children develop respect for themselves, others and the environment. The environment provides natural social interaction and development.